PROBLEMS DURING 1ST TRIMESTER OF PREGNANCY
1. Excessive Nausea And Vomiting
It’s normal to have some nausea and vomiting during your first trimester. Most pregnant women go through it. But if it’s severe or makes you dehydrated, that’s something to heed. If you can’t keep any water or fluids down for more than 12 hours, call your doctor.Vomiting that interferes with your day-to-day activities can lead to weight loss, dizziness, dehydration, and an imbalance of electrolytes,
2. Vaginal Discharge And Itching
Some vaginal discharge is normal. But in some cases, these may be signs of treatable infections or sexually transmitted diseases that can have important consequences in pregnancy. Don’t be shy. Let your ob-gyn know what is going on down there because if there’s a problem, treating it could make a difference to your baby.
3. Pain or Burning During Urination
These can be signs of bladder or urinary tract infections, and if left untreated, they can lead to more serious illness, infection, pre-term labor, and pre-term birth. If it’s an infection, treating it can relieve your pain, and help assure a healthy pregnancy.
4. Headaches And Indigestion
Many women find that they experience headaches and indigestion at various stages of their pregnancy. Making changes to your lifestyle, like getting plenty of rest and maintaining a healthy diet can help improve some of the symptoms.
Early pregnancy often proves exhausting. Your body needs extra energy to support the pregnancy: Your uterus begins to grow, your breasts enlarge, and you ratchet up the production of blood cells and blood volume. Nausea and vomiting can deplete your energy reserves, and rising progesterone levels make you feel sluggish.
PROBLEMS DURING 2ND TRIMESTER OF PREGNANCY
1. A Backache
The extra weight you’ve gained in the last few months is starting to put pressure on your back, making it achy and sore. To ease the pressure, sit up straight and use a chair that provides good back support. Sleep on your side with a pillow tucked between your legs. Avoid picking up or carrying anything heavy. Wear low-heeled, comfortable shoes with good arch support. If the pain is really uncomfortable, ask your partner to rub the sore spots, or treat yourself to a pregnancy massage.
2. Bleeding Gums
About half of pregnant women develop swollen, tender gums. Hormone changes are sending more blood to your gums, making them more sensitive and causing them to bleed more easily. Your gums should go back to normal after your baby is born. In the meantime, use a softer toothbrush and be gentle when you floss, but don’t skimp on dental hygiene. Studies show that pregnant women with gum disease (periodontal disease) may be more likely to go into premature labor and deliver a low-birth-weight baby.
3 Gestational Diabetes
Another complication during the second trimester of pregnancy is the increased risk of gestational diabetes. As the size of fetus increases so does the need for nutrition and glucose level of women’s body. This increased blood sugar level often results in a condition called gestational diabetes.
4. Aching Back, Pelvis, And Hips
The job of supporting your growing belly puts stress on your back. Your hips and pelvis may begin to ache as pregnancy hormones relax the ligaments that hold your bones together. Your bones move to prepare for childbirth.
5. Stomach Pain
The muscles and ligaments supporting your uterus stretch as your uterus grows. These can cause mild pain or cramping.
6. Loose Teeth
Pregnancy hormones also affect the ligaments and bones in your mouth, so teeth may loosen. They return to normal after pregnancy. Contact your dentist if you have bleeding or swelling of your gums. These symptoms can be signs of periodontal disease. This condition has been linked to preterm (early) birth and low birth weight. The second trimester is the best time to have dental work done.
PROBLEMS DURING 3RD TRIMESTER OF PREGNANCY
1. Severe Nausea and Vomiting
It’s very common to have some nausea when you’re pregnant. If it gets to be severe, that may be more serious.
2. Contractions Early in the Third Trimester
Contractions could be a sign of preterm labor. But a lot of first-time moms may confuse true labor and false labor. False labor contractions are called Braxton-Hicks contractions. They’re unpredictable, non-rhythmic, and do not increase in intensity. They will subside in an hour or with hydration. But regular contractions are about 10 minutes apart or less and increase in intensity.
If you’re in your third trimester and think you’re having contractions, call your doctor right away. If it is too early for the baby to be born, your doctor may be able to stop labor.
3. Your Water Breaks
You walk into the kitchen for a drink and feel a flood of water rush down your legs. Your water could have broken but during pregnancy, the enlarged uterus can cause pressure on your bladder too. So it could be urine leakage. Sometimes water breaking is a dramatic gush of fluid, but other times it is more subtle.
“If you are not sure if it is urine versus a true rupture of the membrane, go to the bathroom and empty your bladder. If the fluid continues, then you have broken your water. Call your doctor or go to the hospital.
It’s normal to feel dizzy throughout your pregnancy, as your blood pressure is lowered and your brain may, therefore, receive less blood. If you have felt dizzy throughout your pregnancy you might not be surprised if you faint but you should still check in with your doctor anyway. If you’ve made it this far without any dizziness than passing out is even more likely to be a cause for concern. Fainting means that your brain isn’t getting enough blood, so lay flat on your left side (the pregnant uterus shifts right, so gravity pulling it left will improve blood flow) after a fainting spell. Your doctor will likely recommend that you avoid exerting yourself until your labor if you faint. However, this fainting combined with other symptoms could be a larger problem, so you need to call as soon as you’ve regained consciousness so the doctor can assess you and the baby.
5. Shortness Of Breath
You might get winded easily. Practice good posture to give your lungs more room to expand.
Pregnancy hormones relaxing the valve between your stomach and esophagus can allow stomach acid to reflux into your esophagus, causing heartburn. To prevent heartburn, eat small, frequent meals and avoid fried foods, citrus fruits, chocolate, and spicy or fried foods.
7. Spider Veins, Varicose Veins And Hemorrhoids
Increased blood circulation might cause tiny red veins, known as spider veins, to appear on your face, neck, and arms. You might also notice gnarled, enlarged veins (varicose veins) on your legs. Painful, itchy varicose veins in your rectal area (hemorrhoids) are another possibility. If you have painful varicose veins, exercise and elevate your legs frequently. To prevent hemorrhoids, include plenty of fiber in your diet and drink lots of fluids. To ease the pain of hemorrhoids, soak in warm water or apply witch hazel pads to the area.
8. Sore Ribs
Your baby is in the last stage of pregnancy and due to his or her positioning, you may feel the baby kicking. You could talk to your midwife, because if this is due to the baby’s position then this pain will decrease as your baby settles into the pelvic area. If you experience bad heartburns or feel any heavy pressure on your chest then this may be a sign of pre-eclampsia.
Your skin may feel itchy and that is most often due to the stretching of your skin and because your skin is more sensitive right now. You can try using moisturizers, the ones that do not have any perfume. You must inform your doctor regarding this itchiness, especially if it is on your hands and feet as this could point towards a serious liver problem.